Often people take the locks for granted like youth and health. They only realize it after they are gone. For such people, hair transplant provides the chance to get back full or, at least, cover the head with hair.
If you are going bald or experiencing hair thinning, then hair transplant is a better way to grow back both hair and confidence. Nevertheless, it is imperative to discuss with a doctor.
Hair transplant is a surgery that moves the already existing hair to fill the area where you are experiencing thinning or baldness. Although the operation existed from the 1950s, the technical involvement changed over the period. The process begins by cleaning the scalp and injecting the medicine to numb the back of the head. The doctor then chooses either follicular unit strip surgery or follicular unit extraction. Under the follicular unit strip surgery, the surgeon removes around 10 inches of skin from the back of the head. He then sets it aside and sews the scalp firmly. The hair surrounding the sewed region covers it completely.
The team of the doctor then divides the strip into 2000 tiny grafts. The number of grafts obtained is dependent on the hair type, color, quality, and the size of the area that the individual is receiving the transplant.
Under the follicular unit extraction procedure, the doctor will shape the back of the head. The team of surgeons then starts extracting hair follicles one by one. The area heals over a period with small dots, which the existing hair covers completely.
The remaining part of the procedure for both of the transplant methods is the same. The surgeon then cleans and numbs the area where the transplantation is required. He plants each graft into the tiny holes very carefully. Depending on the size of the transplantation area, the entire process takes up to a maximum of eight hours.
Hair cloning is a promising new technique, which is under development to counter baldness and hair loss. The basic idea of cloning is that it is possible to extract follicular cells from the patient’s scalp from the area that is not suffering hair loss, and multiply the cells using various culturing methods (cloning) and produce the needed cells. The availability of additional follicular cells gives the opportunity to cover the region of the scalp that is experiencing hair loss or baldness. However, hair cloning method is still under research and development phase.
Scientists were successful in hair cloning that began in the year 1970. They were able to demonstrate the technique on animals and were successful in reproducing healthy hair in bald regions. However, there was little progress in the case of human beings. Many companies and institutions dealt with the process in order to correct the flaws existing in the process. The primary reason for the slow progress is that the cloned follicular cell tends to lose the ability to grow hair. Additionally, scientists are yet to develop a sufficient cloning methodology that is capable of producing a minimum of thousand cloned cells from a single extracted follicular cell.
It is difficult to compare between hair transplant and hair cloning due to insufficient data. Although hair transplant is the only process currently available to cover baldness, doctors advise the youngsters to keep away from the surgery for as long as possible. Hair transplant uses the patient’s hair to redistribute the extracted hair at several locations of the scalp. There is no regrowth of the hair, which is essential to cover baldness or reduce hair loss. On the other hand, hair cloning, which is a nascent stage, is a promising method because it multiplies the follicular cells rather than redistributing the existing hair of the patient. The constraints developed in the hair cloning process are posing a problem to the advancement of the technique. By attending to the limitations, which we can expect in the near future, one will find a successful and possible solution to hair loss and baldness.
As hair cloning is still in research and development phase, individuals experiencing hair loss and baldness will have to go with the hair transplant procedure to get a full or, at least, fuller head of hair.